Technologies for web accessibility

In this short article we approach to the issue of the web accessibility or e-accessibility to plan a state of art for a future deeper research. Our society, intensely impacted by the improvement of ICT (Information and Communication Technologies), is now a digital society, in which people’s life style is adapting to the endless possibilities of new media. In this context, the importance that has access to the information and the web content is clear. The popularization of the Internet affects all areas of life, from the public to the private sphere: Administration, education, science, entertainment… The fact that today some people due to situations of disability do not have access to the new media, is for them a significant impairment as subjects of their time. The lack of support to achieve a transformation of web usability to make it accessible to everyone can be seen even as a discriminatory situation.
It is necessary, therefore, to promote the improvement of technologies and other factors relating to the e-accessibility of all groups of disabled. Specifically, in this brief text we are interested especially in the capacity of access to electronic publications of blind people and people with motor problems, thinking of taking future actions of good practices in the online journal Estoa, from the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism of the University of Cuenca. We present a series of notes on the media hardware and software which today can be used, focusing on initiatives and accessibility guidelines promoted by the consortium W3C and WAI group. Finally, we present some conclusions, ideas and recommendations.

Keywords: e-accessibility, electronic publications, disability, technology, ethics.

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